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b;d,sh ms<sn`o ì`ola
Sep 20, 2018 01:57 pm l comments ( 0 )

b;d,sh ms<sn`o ì`ola


b;d,sh iy b;d,shdkqjka hkq hqfrdamfha ishÆu cd;Ska w;r b;d jeo.;au ft;sydisl miqìu iys; ck j¾.h fj;s' f,dalfha fuf;la ìysjQ m%n,;u wêrdcHh frdau wêrdcHh ùu;a" f,dalfha m%n,;u wd.u jk lf;da,sl wd.u ìys jQ iy wog;a mj;ajdf.k hk flakao%ia:dkh ùu;a iy f,dalfha m%n,;u NdIdjka /il uQ,h jk ,;ska NdYdfõ flakao%ia:dkh b;d,sh ùu;a iqÆmgq lreKq fkdfõ' ta ishÆ lreKq j,g wu;rj b;d,sh úiska f,dalhg odho l< oekqï iy ksuejqï iïNdrh .ek woyila §u fuu ,smsfha wruqKhs'

j¾;udkfha f,dal fmd,sia ldrhdf.a pß;hg mk fmdjk f,dj m%n,u rg jYfhka ie<flk tlai;a ckmoh we;=,;a jk uydoaùmh y÷kajk ,weußldj, hk kuo b;d,shdkqfjlaf.a nj Tn fkdokakjd úh yelsh' weußldjg f.dvng fld,ïnia we;=Æ m<uq ;sfokdu b;d,shdkqjka fj;s'

;dlaIKsl f,dalfha jeo.;au fidhd.ekSï fol jk .=jkaúÿ,sh iy ÿrl:kh o b;d,shdkqjkaf.a is;a ;=,ska bmeÿkq wNsudkj;a woyia folla ùu fl;rï w.fkao'

f,dalhg m%fhdackj;a kj fidhd.ekSï y÷kajd ÿka b;d,shdkqjka ish .Kkla fj;s' bka lsysm fofkla .ek yels Wmßu fláfhka flfrk igykls fï' fï iEu mqoa.,fhla .eku jeäÿr f;dr;=re Tng b;d myiqfjka wka;¾cd,h yryd lshúh yels ùu i|yd ishÆu kï ksjerÈj b;d,s niskau olajd we;'

1. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) fN!;sl úoHdfõ mshd" ;drld úoHdfõ mshd iy ÿf¾laIh f,djg y÷kajd §u'

2. Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937)  /yeka rys;j i{d heúh yels nj" tla ;eklska msg lrk .=jka úÿ,s ;rx. ;j;a ;ekl isg .%yKh lr .; yels nj iy .=jka úÿ,sh f,djg y÷kajd §u'

3' Archimede ^l%s'mQ'287 - 212& .Ks; úoHdfõ iy kQ;k úoHdfõ mshd f,i f,dj nqyqukg ,la jk fu;=ud ,Sjrfha iy bial=remamqfõ ;dlaIKsl l%shdldß;ajh f,djg t,s oelaùu f,dj m%n,;u ;dlaIKsl fmr,sh f,i ie<fla' ^b;d,sfha isrl=idys bmso tysu Ôj;aj ñh.sh fu;=ud .%Sl .Ks;{fhl= f,i b;sydi .;j we;af;a tl, tu m%foaYh .%Sishg hg;aj ;snQ neúks' l%s'mQ'734 isg l%s'mQ'210 olajd mqrd jir 524la isrl+id m%foaYh .%Sl hg;a úð;hla úh&

4' Marco Polo ^1254 - 1324& m%lg foaY.fõYlhd' jir 24la mqrd isÿl< ixpdrh ls'ó'24140ls'

5' Cristoforo Colombo ^1451 - 1506& weußld uydoaùmhg f.dvng m<uq hqfrdamShhd 1492 §' isjq jrla hqfrdamh yd weußldj w;r kdúl .ufka fhÿk w;r wkq.%yh ,enqfka iamd[a[fha rcqf.ks' wog;a n%iS,h yer uqÆ ol=Kq weußldju iamd[a[ ni l;dlrkafka tu wkq.%yfha m%;sm,hla jYfhks'

6' Giovanni Caboto ^1445 - 1498& W;=re weußldjg f.dvng m<uq hqfrdamShhd 1497§ ksjq *jqkaâ,ka;hg ^j;auka lekvdj&

7' Amerigo Vespucci ^1454 - 1512& fld,ïnia fidhd.;a uyoaùmh kef.kysr wdishdj fkdjk njg ;yjqre l< .fõYlhd' Bg weußldj hk ku ,enqfka fu;=udf.a kñks' fu;=ud weußldjg f.dvnisk ,oafoa l%s'j'1502 § mD;=.d,fha wkq.%yfhks' fu;=ud f.dvng n%iS,h ol=Kq weußldfõ tlu mD;=.Sis rg jQfha tu wkq.%yfha m%;sm, jYfhks'

8' Francesco Petrarca ^1304 - 1474& f,dal udkj jdofha mshd

9' Salvino D'Armati ^1258 - 1312& weia lKakdäh y÷kajd §u 1284§

10' Antonio Meucci ^1808 - 1889& f,dalfha m<uq jrg jh¾ iïnkaO;djhlska ;u ldrHd,fha isg fojk uyf,a wikSmj isá ;u ìß| yd l;dlsÍug yels fuj,ula ks¾udKh lsÍu ^ÿrl;kh& 1856§' ^kuq;a bka úis jirlg miq ÿrl;kh fidhd.ekSfï f.!rjh .%eyeï fn,ag ysñjkafka 1876§ Tyq Bg fmagkaÜ n,m;%h ,nd .ekSu ksidfjks&

11' Guido di Arezzo ^991 - wúksYaÑ;hs& ix.S; iajr m%ia:dr l%uh y÷kajd §u 1033 §'

12' Antonio Pacinotti ^1841 - 1912& vhskfudafõ ks¾ud;D

13' Santorio ^1561 - 1636& WIaK;aj udmlfha" iq<x udmlfha iy c,;rx. udmlfha ks¾ud;D

14' Galileo Ferraris ^1847 - 1897& úÿ,s fudagrfha ks¾ud;D

15' Teseo Tesai ^1909 - 1941& kdúl fgd¾msfvdafõ ks¾ud;D

16' Evangalista Torricelli ^1608 - 1647& nefrdaógrfha ks¾ud;D

17' Pelegrino Turri ^1765 - 1828& lD;su h;=re ,shkfha iy ldnka fld,fha ks¾ud;D

18' Alessandro Volta ^1745 - 1827& negßfha ks¾ud;D iy óf;aka jdhqj fidhd.;a úoHd{hd

19' Giambattisti Beccaria ^1716 - 1781& PdhdrEmlrkh fidhd.ekSï i|yd mdol jQ wdf,dal lsrK ixfõ§;djh fidhd.;a fN!;sl úoHd{hd

20' Leonardo Da Vinci ^1452 - 1519& f,dj ìysjQ fY%IaG;u od¾Ykslfhls' iq<f.a fõ.h uksk ógrh fu;=udf.a fidhd.ekSula jk w;r .=jka‍ hdkh" fy,sfldmagrh" Trf,daiqj" meßIqgh" ñihs,h" ner,a ;=fka ld,;=jlal=j wd§ ish,a, fu;=ud úiska Wml,amkh fldg is;=jï .; lrk ,oafoa tajd ìysùug jir ish .Kklg fmr ùu úfYaIh' m%lg Ñ;% iy uQ¾;s Ys,amsfhlao jk w;r fu;=udf.a ,fudkd,Sid, is;=ju f,dalm%lgh'

21' Eugenio Barsanti ^1821 - 1864& .Eia wekaðfï ks¾ud;D

22' Gianni Bettini ^1860 - 1938& y? má.; lsÍfï Wmdx. ks¾ud;D

23' Augusto Bissiri ^1879 - 1968& rEmjdyskS áhqnh y÷kajd §u

25' Giovanni Branca ^1571 - 1645& g¾nhska hka;%h y÷kajd §u

26' Bartolomeo Cristofori ^1655 - 1731& mshdfkdafõ ks¾ud;D

27' Alessandro Cruto ^1847 - 1908& f;dauia täika úiska ksujk ,o úÿ,s n,anfha uq,a ;dlaIK l%ufõoh fyj;a úÿ,sh u.ska ia:djr wdf,dalhla ,nd .; yelsnj fidhd .ekSu'

28' Corradino D'Ascanio ^1891 - 1981& fy,sfldmagrh iy ial+grfha ks¾ud;D

29' Michaelangelo Buonarotti ^1475 - 1564& f,dalfha ìysjQ fY%IaG;uhd f,i ie<flk Ñ;% iy uQ¾;s Ys,amshd

30' Leonardo Fibonacci ^1175 - 1250& bxÿ wrdì b,lalï oYu ixl,kh hqfrdamhg y÷kajd ÿka fY%IaG;u .Ks;{hd'

31' Niccolo Machiavelli ^1469 - 1527& kQ;k foaYmd,k úoHdfõ mshd'

32' Andrea Palladio ^1508 - 1580& kQ;k .Dyks¾udK Ys,amfha mshd'

33' Antonio Valsalva ^1666 - 1723& ñksia lk ms,sn|j ffjoH úoHd;aul fidhd.ekSï /ila f,djg odhdo lsÍu ksid lka j, wdndO mÍlaYd lrk hka;%h fu;=ukaf.a kñka valsalva maneuver f,iska kï fldg we;

34' Ascanio Sobrero ^1812 - 1888& khsfg%da.a,sißka fidhd.;a úoHd{hd

35' Luigi Galvani ^1737 - 1798& ridhksl m%;sl%shd u.ska úÿ,sh ksmeofjk nj fidhd.;a od¾Ykslhd' ñksia isref¾ iakdhq" uiams?q iy mgl ms,sn|j m<uq jrg ffjoH úoHd;aul fidhd.ekSï /ila f,djg odhdo lsÍu ksid hula .e,aùu hk wre; fok galvanize hk bx.%Sis jpkh iE§ we;af;a fu;=udf.a kñks

36' Vilfredo Pareto ^1848 - 1923& rgl wd¾;slfhka jeä fldgi rfÜ ck.ykfhka iq¿;rhla i;= ùfï kHdh y÷kajd ÿka wd¾:sl úoHd{hd ^fuh Tyqf.a kñkau Pareto Principal kñka ye¢kafõ&

37' Amedeo Avogadro ^1776 - 1856& molecular kHdh y÷kajd ÿka fN!;sl úoHd{hd' ^fu;=udg f.!rjhla jYfhka th Avogadro law jYfhkao ye¢kafõ&

38' Tito Livio Burattini ^1617 - 1681& j;auka fug%sla ueKqï l%uhg mdol jQ ld,h iuÛ ÿr uekSu ^universal measure& y÷kajd §u .=jkska hd yels hdkhl ie<eiaula bÈßm;a lsÍu ^th flying dragon kï fõ&

39' Giovanni Caselli ^1815 - 1891& miqlf,l *elaia hka;%h ksueùug mdol jQ Pantelegraphy kHdh y÷kajd §u

40' Enrico Forlanini ^1848 - 1930& fy,sfldmag¾ wekaðfï ks¾ud;D

41' Italo Marchioni ^1868 - 1954& whsial%Sï fldaka l%uh f,djg y÷kajd §u

42' Enzo Ferrari ^1898 - 1988& f*rdß fudag¾ r:fha ks¾ud;D

43' Maria Montisori ^1870 - 1952& f,dal <ore wOHdmkfha mqfrda.dñhd' wog;a f,dalh mqrd <ore mdie,a fu;=ñhf.a kñka ,fudkaáfidaß, f,i ye¢kafõ'

44' Angelo Moriondo ^1851 - 1914& fldams ueIsfï ks¾ud;D

45' Pier Giorgio Perotti ^1930 - 2002& mqoa.,sl mß.Klfha ^personal computer& ks¾ud;D

46' Pietro Ferrero ^1898 - 1949& m%,Ska fpdl,Ü ^Ferrero& iy kqfg,a,d ^Nutella& f,djg y÷kajd §u

47' Lucio Bini (1908-1964) udkisl frda.Ska iqj lsÍug bf,lag%sla fYdla m%;sldr l%uh y÷kajd §u

48' Federico Faggin ^1941 - & mß.Kl uhsfl%da fm%dfiirh y÷kajd §u

49' Enrico Fermi ^1901 - 1954& mrudKq m%;sl%shdldrlh f,djg y÷kajd §u

50' Tullio Campagnolo ^1901 - 1983& nhsisl,hg w;ska udre l< yels .sh¾ l%uh y÷kajd §u

51' Flavio Gioia ^14 jeks ishji& fldïmdiqfõ ks¾ud;D

52' Candido Jacuzzi ^1903 - 1986& YÍr iqj;d kdk Tre l%uh ^body massage bath tub& y÷kajd §u

53' Giulio Natta ^1903 - 1979& ridhksl wKq ms,sn| kshuhka y÷kajd ÿka m%ùK ridhk úoHd{hd

54' Temistocle Calzecchi Onesti ^1853 - 1922& .=jka úÿ,s ;rx. .%dylh ks¾ud;D

55' Fabio Perini ^1940 - & ishqï lvodis w;amsisk ^tissue papers& ksmojk hka;%fha ks¾ud;D

56' Vincenzo Lunardi ^1754 - 1806& yhsv%cka jdhq neÆka hdkfha ks¾ud;D

57' Angelo Mosso ^1846 - 1910& ldhsl úoHd iakdhq p,k l%shdj,sh y÷kajd §u

58' Luigi Russolo ^1885 - 1947& mßudj iy yevh wkqj ix.S; Yíoh wvq jeä l< yels ,jqâia mSl¾ l%uh y÷kajd §u ^j;auka stereo sounds system fuu fidhd.ekSfï m%;sm,hls&

59' Leopardo Nobili ^1784 - 1835& ;dm.;sluh úoHq;a ridhkh iïnkaO kj fidhd.ekSï /ila f,djg odhdo l< fN!;sl úoHd{fhls

60' Ferdinando Medici ^1619 - 1670& ùÿre WIaK;aj udmlfha ks¾ud;D

fuys ud i|yka l< 60 fokdg wu;rj f,dalh fjkia l< b;d,shdkqjka ;j /ila fj;s' fï jk úg b;d,shdkqjka 21 fofkla fkdfn,a ;Hd.fhka msÿï ,en we;' f,dalfha jvd;au ksy;udkS ckfldgi b;d,shdkqjka hhs isf;k ;rugu fudjqka w;s nyq;rh b;d .=K.rel wysxil ñksiqka fj;s' m%xY" bx.%Sis" iamd[a[" mD;=.Sis" ,kafoais wd§ ish,a,kagu jvd f,dalh mqrd hg;a úð;hka we;s lr .ekSfï yelshdj b;d,shdkqjka i;= jQ kuq;a th tfia fkdjQfha Tjqkaf.a fuu ksrxldr wysxil nj ksid nj ud is;ñ' b;d,shdkqjka hkq wkqkaf.a foa lvdjvd .ekSfï lsisÿ Wjukdjla ke;s ;ukaf.a mdvqfõ Ôj;a jk b;d nqoaêu;a udkj ys;jd§ ckj¾.hls'


iqoka;l mS úfc–;=x.


b;d,s kS;s mqj;a
Sep 25, 2018 02:27 pm
iïmQrK fkdjq idukH mßj¾;khla iu.'''
jeä úia;r
Sep 11, 2018 02:43 pm
b;d,sh mqrdjg úisß isák wkjir ixl%ulhska kS;s.; lsßfï kj kS;shla kqÿre ÈklÈ '''
jeä úia;r
Sep 10, 2018 12:01 pm
fiajlhdf.a uQ,sl wjYH;djka jk ufkdauh yd iudcuh wjYH;do" fi!LH wjYH;djka fukau ;u '''
jeä úia;r
b;d,s úfYaI mqj;a
Oct 20, 2018 12:28 pm
b;d,shg hdu i|yd ùid ,nd fok nj mjid ;reKhska újdy lrf.k ,laI .kka uqo,a cdjdfï ksr; lKavdhula udrú, fmd,Sish úiska w;awvx.=jg f.k '''
jeä úia;r
Oct 10, 2018 08:03 pm
l=,S moku u; jdyk ,nd .kakd iy úfoaY /lshd i|yd mqoa.,hska fhduq lrk nj mjiñka remsh,a fldaá y;rla '''
jeä úia;r
Sep 20, 2018 01:57 pm
b;d,sh iy b;d,shdkqjka hkq hqfrdamfha ishÆu cd;Ska w;r b;d jeo.;au ft;sydisl miqìu '''
jeä úia;r
msgrg úia;r
Oct 21, 2018 12:15 pm
fulaisldkq rch fï jk úg oeä w¾nqOldÍ jd;djrKhlg uqyqK§ isákjd' ta uOHu wfußldfõ isg wfußldj n,d .uka '''
jeä úia;r
Oct 18, 2018 03:36 pm
f,nkka rfgys /lshdj ioyd msg;aj f.dia tys§ lsisÿ f;dr;=rla fkdue;s ldka;djla ms<sn|j f;dr;=rla ,nd.ekSu ioyd Y%S ,xld '''
jeä úia;r
Oct 16, 2018 09:24 am
iafldÜ,ka;fha êjr jD;a;sfha fhÈ isá 40 yeúßÈ Y%S ,dxlslfhl= f.a w;=reoykaù&'''
jeä úia;r
ojfia mqj;a
Oct 21, 2018 11:54 am
fi!È cd;sl udOHfõÈhl= fukau wefußlka mqrjeishl= o jk cud,a lfYda.Sf.a w;=reoka ùu f,dj '''
jeä úia;r
Oct 21, 2018 11:46 am
ysgmq l%slÜ l%svl ik;a chiQßhf.a mq;=f.a 12jk Wmka Èkh Bfhag ^20& fh§ ;snqKd''''
jeä úia;r
Oct 20, 2018 06:12 pm
rdjKd rcq mrod rdu l=ureka ,o ch.%yKh ixfla;j;a lrñka bkaÈhdj mj;ajk ÿfiard ieKfl<sfha§ rdjKdf.a '''
jeä úia;r
Oct 20, 2018 11:40 am
tlaflda ‌‌fldäúkhla lr,d" ke;akï ñkS wÆod,d Tkak Th jf.a woyia ;uhs wo yq.la'''
jeä úia;r
Oct 20, 2018 11:39 am
tlaflda ‌‌fldäúkhla lr,d" ke;akï ñkS wÆod,d Tkak Th jf.a woyia ;uhs wo yq.la'''
jeä úia;r